Chinese Ceramics

Chinese Ceramics

Imari is the name of the port city from which the porcelain was first exported to the West. Imari is highly collectible and comes in many forms besides plates, such as cups, bowls, vases and figures. There are several ways to identify Imari porcelain; however, if in doubt, seek expert authentication. Research Japanese porcelain marks, whether online or by purchasing a book. Imari porcelain marks are, of course, in Japanese, though marks dating from genuine 20th-century pieces also bear English marks. Early Imari plates often bear characteristic signatures. For example, pieces from the 17th to mid th centuries often bear Japanese characters such as “Fuku,” which means “happiness,” or “Fuki Choshun,” which means “good fortune and long life,” according to the Gotheborg website.

Pricing Guides & Dictionary of Makers Marks for Antiques & Collectibles

D Medium teapot of reasonable good quality. The overall appearance and color is nice. There is a little side clearance in the lid and a short, now mended, hairline near the handle. The tip of the spout is restored. An unusual potters mark in the bottom is deep and clear.

Korean ceramic history begins with the oldest earthenware dating to around BC. Influenced by Chinese ceramics, Korean pottery developed a distinct style of its own, with its own shapes, such as the moon jar or maebyeong version of the Chinese meiping vase, and later styles of painted decoration. Korean ceramic trends had an influence on Japanese pottery and porcelain.

This may sound like a strange question, but the answers to it are critical to successfully appraising Chinese ceramics. As the famous Confucian proverb says: The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step. This article will examine the most important strategies for identifying, dating and appraising Chinese ceramics, and then apply those strategies to demonstrate the reasons why the vase illustrated above, is in fact, a fake.

The most practical questions to ask when assessing a Chinese ceramic work of art are: Most appraisers rely too much on visual assessment alone. The touch or feel of an object is a critical component which should be considered when determining age and authenticity. How heavy is it? When creating a fake, a copyist might look at a picture in a catalogue or online and thus would not know how the object should feel, the thickness of the body walls, and what it should weigh.

An appraiser needs to learn what different types of Chinese ceramics should typically weigh. The best venues to access correct pieces are in museums or at auction previews. Appraisers must develop a memory bank of the sensations of holding various Chinese ceramics. This applies to not only getting a sense of the weight, but to the other important element which can be felt, which is the glaze itself and overglaze decoration.

Appraisers need to be feeling for whether the overglaze decoration has been chipped; if the glaze is glossy or pitted; and surface wear.

Imari Pattern Porcelain

Mason’s Ironstone First sold in the Regency period as a robust alternative to porcelain, Mason’s Ironstone China soon won customers with its attractive enamelled decoration, and is still widely appreciated today. A great variety of patterns appeared on Mason’s Ironstone including blue and white in the Chinese style. Most, though, drew on the Japanese tradition and were rendered in a sparkling palette of luminous enamel colours over a natural white ground.

Mason’s Ironstone, a strong, hardwearing stoneware that imitated the shapes and decoration of 18thcentury porcelain, was developed in the early 19th century by Miles Mason, a Staffordshire porcelain dealer and manufacturer.

dating chinese porcelain. Identifying chinese porcelain and ceramics, and their possible identification and authentication of chinese porcelain is process of an overall verification of a number of experienced marks.

Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia.

In Chinese, we get various ways of referring to India. The modern form, , renders the name phonetically with characters of no particular semantic significance “print, stamp, or seal” and “a rule, law, measure, degree”. The older practice, however, was dedicated characters that might have a larger meaning. Thus, we get or , in which can be a kind of bamboo but otherwise is just used for India.

Thus we get expressions like , “Sanskrit,” , “Sanskrit characters. The rule of the Sult.

Korean pottery and porcelain

Marks are incised or cut into the wet clay, impressed with a tool into the wet clay or stamped with a machine and ink on dry clay. Marks may also be created in the mold — and these are the most permanent. Paper labels are the least permanent marks, and many companies used a paper label and another method for marking wares. Debolt’s Dictionary of American Pottery Marks is another good resource for identifying whitewareCeramics that are white or off-white, often high-fired, including vitreous china and ironstone, and usually used for dinnerware or bathroom sets.

There are several ways to identify Imari porcelain; however, if in doubt, seek expert authentication. Research Japanese porcelain marks, whether online or by purchasing a book. Imari porcelain marks are, of course, in Japanese, though marks dating from genuine 20th-century pieces also bear English marks.

If marked, can be wire or metal tablets on enamel, hand painted on enamel, etched, or impressed. Gilding and Finish Gold gilt, glossy enamel surface. Older pieces can have pitting Dark patina on metal. Some have gold, silver, or gilt. The symbol is repeated in a band around the top of the piece or separating sections of designs. These dots are typically brick red, dark blue, white or black in color. This was done to strengthen the base for the repeated kiln firings.

Antique Detective: Identifying Chinese porcelains by colors, motifs and marks

However, there are groups of porcelain marks that are identified based on the location of the maker rather than the actual company, which can be confusing. This is particularly true for certain regions in the world that have a rich tradition in porcelain making, usually because there are several factories or studios in the area. One of the most famous such regions is Dresden and Meissen. These names represent specific towns in the Saxony region of Germany previously Poland and this misnomer is partly explained by the very history of the first indigenous appearance of porcelain in Europe, and especially by how its production spread from that region thereafter.

White porcelain as we know it today, was first invented by the Chinese, some say as early as BC.

– Kgl. Lågbojan dekoreret med blomster 20 x 21 cm: Kgl. Nr. Grøn skål med guldblomster 12 x 20 cm. Signeret OJ Oluf Jensen (Craquele) Kgl.

When Dutch traders began importing Chinese porcelain to Europe in the 17th century the late Ming period , no European maker had yet been able to produce such fine-quality wares and there was a huge demand for Chinese porcelain — as well as a scramble to find out how it was made. Nearly all porcelain was blue and white until c. Famille verte Famille verte green family porcelain is dominated by a brilliant green colour, overglaze blue and raised enamelling.

It was used to decorate export wares from the Kangxi period to Famille rose Wares decorated with opaque pink enamel are termed famille rose pink family and appeared c. The style was often copied in the 19th century, particularly by the French maker Samson. Crackling a fine network of cracks in the enamel colours is a good sign that the piece is authentic. Provincial export pieces of lesser quality, or slightly chipped or cracked wares, can be surprisingly affordable.

Ming pieces can be identified by: Porcelain decorated with cobalt on a white porcelain body covered with a clear colourless glaze.

How to Identify Imari Porcelain

This is usually located on the underside, whether it is a figurine or pottery vase. Most Studio or Art Pottery is unique and rarely reproduced in large quantities unless they were made for utilitarian purposes, such as pottery jugs or ceramic cookware and tableware that are usually branded in the same pattern and perhaps modeled by a particular designer. The vast majority of ceramics makers’ marks can be classified by the manner they were applied.

For example, the most common way to mark porcelain is to use an ink stamp also referred to as a backstamp , whereas many items have Impressed blind stamped or Incised marks and symbols. Some, as in the case of hand-decorated figurines, are signed with handwritten initials or a simple logo of the artist or modeler.

Some Minton ware bears impressed marks which indicate the date of manufacture: Example of the Minton date mark. During its history of nearly two hundred years from , this very important Stoke firm with an international reputation has traded under various trade styles.

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Royal Copenhagen Crackleware

Krister Porzellan-Manufaktur until The first factory in the town of Waldenburg was founded by C. Rausch in , and even if the business only had a single kiln it was still fairly successful. Attracted by the local possibilities a second factory was opened by the businessman Traugott Hayn in These two facilities had quite an interesting fate.

A decorator from Thuringia at the Rausch facility changed to Hayn and eventually took over the business in

Pictures and pieces making up this section are from my personal reference collection and are not for sale. Pieces have also been donated by Simon Ng, City University of Hong Kong, N .

Hidden within the kanji — the characters — on the bottom of the piece you will typically find the production region, a specific kiln location, a potter’s name, and sometimes a separate decorator’s identity. But, at times only generic terms were recorded, and tracking down more information requires expert advice. Consulting a china expert, a certified appraiser, or an antiques and collectible dealer in person may be your style, but you can also utilize the many available online resources, most of which have helpful photographs.

Consulting a Professional Contacting a china or antiques dealer can be the quickest way to identify your porcelain marks. Check the dealer’s website or make a preliminary phone call to determine their specialty. The dealer may want to charge a consultation fee, or he may let you know that he would like to sell your piece if you desire, depending upon his policy. A certified appraiser, another professional to seek out, may charge an appraisal fee, but their knowledge is worth it if your piece is at all valuable.

Alternately, most places of higher learning often yield free and trusted resources. Contact your local university’s language, arts or history department to see if someone can help decode the marks on your Japanese piece. Reaching out to a local artisans’ guild can also be a way to glean information. Using Online Resources At your own pace, you can sift through several images on websites providing information specifically about Japanese pottery and porcelain marks. With many regions of production, as well as several centuries of workmanship, finding your exact mark may be hit or miss.

It’s helpful to know certain small hints that can help point the way toward identification: Marking within a square, or kaku mark:

Antique Chinese Porcelain Help and Information

Encyclopedia of Pottery and Porcelain, Facts on File, Open MPC Includes porcelain manufacturers, marks, patterns and artists as well as materials and techniques from the time period.

This web site is about that work and about the antique Chinese porcelain, Ming dynasty porcelain and pottery, celadon, yixing teapots and other antique ceramics we now sell from these shipwreck sites.

This work is shown, in parts on the company’s photo page where they show some of their artefacts, videos and pictures. For the more affordable pieces , the company has established a web page called: In addition, it shall be mentioned that the company, due to its detailed and exhaustive research has established such degree of authenticity of their recovered artifacts that they are now displayed and used as dating reference by many international museums.

The company also maintain three other web sites that show different aspects if their work. Chinese pottery is excavated by ourselves and all the antiques and ceramics is fully researched by our own experts At Nanhai Marine Archaeology we excavated shipwreck artifacts, antique ceramics and antique Chinese porcelain, celadon, other Chinese porcelains and antique pottery from numbers of Ming dynasty shipwrecks. Our shipwreck pottery, artifacts and other Ming porcelain and pottery are well researched.

The Yixing teapots we find are from the Qing dynasty. Our work also involves interpretation of porcelain marks and historical research at the Jingdezhen kilns in China.

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